Islamic Bioethics

Problems and Perspectives

Atighetchi, Dariusch

 
 

gebonden: € 260.95: GRATIS verzending! (NL)

ISBN: 9781402049613, January 2006, Engels
Formaat: 23.5 (h) x 15.9 (b) x 3.2 (d) cm. Gewicht: 703 gram.

Uitgever: Springer Media B.V.

beschrijving











This book presents a critical analysis of the debate at the religious, legal and political level sparked off by the introduction of new biomedical technologies (cloning, genetics, organ transplants, IVF, etc.) in Muslim countries. It compares the positions of "classic" Muslim law and contemporary religious authorities; laws in Muslim countries; the attitudes and concrete behaviour of populations, families and individuals, as well as the regulations of medical associations, bioethics committees etc..The result is a mosaic of positions which are often different (including from the point of view of ethics) but all in pursuit of legitimisation according to the Koran and the Shari'a. The work has an interdisciplinary approach, drawing on law, sociology, anthropology, politics and the history of science. For this reason it will be of interest to scholars and operators in a wide variety of disciplines and fields.



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Note xi
Acknowledgements xiii




Introduction to Muslim Law

1(12)




The Origins

1(6)




The Present

7(2)




Conclusion

9(4)




Features of Islamic Bioethics

13(18)




The Value of the Different Positions

13(1)




The Problems of Ethical Pluralism

14(2)




Algeria, Tunisia, Pakistan And Iran

16(2)




The Dependence on Muslim Law

18(1)




The Political Dimension of Islamic Bioethics

19(2)




The Principles of Bioethics

21(2)




Cultural Sensibilities and Medical Ethics

23(3)




Bioethics and Society

26(2)




Bioethics and Apologetics

28(1)




Bioethics and Muslim Countries

28(1)




Conclusion

28(3)




Some Aspects of Medical Ethics

31(34)




Introduction

31(2)




Principles and Characteristics

33(4)




The Doctor--Patient Relationship

37(2)




Men and Women

39(8)




Autonomy and Consent of the Patient

47(4)




Saudi Arabia, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria

51(3)




The Problem of Penal Mutilation

54(3)




Doctors and Penal Mutilation

57(6)




Conclusion

63(2)




Contraception and Population Control

65(26)




Some Classic Formulations

65(6)




The Contemporary Debate: The Pro-Contraception Jurists

71(7)




Sterilisation

78(1)




The Opponents of Contraception

79(3)




The Socio-Political Context

82(4)




The Case of Iran

86(3)




Conclusion

89(2)




Abortion

91(44)




Introduction

91(1)




The Sources of Tradition

92(3)




Before Ensoulment

95(3)




After Ensoulment

98(2)




The Penal System

100(5)




The Duration of Pregnancy

105(1)




Three Bioethical Problems

106(5)




The Debate and Contemporary Opinions

111(4)




Rape, Adultery and Fornication

115(4)




Legislation in Some Countries

119(12)




Abortion and the Defence of Honour

131(2)




Conclusion

133(2)




Assisted Procreation

135(26)




Introduction

136(3)




Legal Adoption

139(1)




Juridical-Religious Formulations

140(8)




Opinions in Shi'ite Islam

148(3)




Problems Relative to the Embryo

151(3)




Society and Legislation

154(5)




Conclusion

159(2)




The Development of Organ Transplants

161(38)




Ethical-Juridical Principles

161(2)




Some Features of the Debate

163(5)




Transplants from Living Donors

168(2)




Transplants from Corpses

170(4)




The Debate on the Criteria of Death

174(4)




The Organ Trade

178(2)




Uterine Transplantation

180(1)




Xenotransplantation

181(2)




Some National Legislations

183(13)




Conclusion

196(3)




AIDS

199(36)




Introduction

199(8)




Particular Aspects

207(3)




The Countries

210(25)




The Opinions on Genetics

235(32)




Principles and Values

235(2)




The Debate on Genetics

237(4)




Human Cloning

241(4)




Positions Tolerating Human Cloning

245(3)




Research on Stem Cells

248(2)




The Abortion of Handicapped Foetuses

250(4)




Consanguineous Marriage

254(5)




Pre-Natal Diagnosis

259(6)




Conclusion

265(2)




The End of Life

267(38)




Suffering and Illness

267(4)




The Incurably and Terminally Ill Patient

271(1)




Palliative Care

272(2)




Information and Consent of the Seriously and Terminally Ill Patient

274(9)




The Living Will

283(2)




Euthanasia

285(5)




Suicide and Martyrdom

290(6)




Death

296(1)




Post-Mortems

297(6)




Conclusion

303(2)




Female Genital Mutilation in Specific Muslim Areas

305(22)




Some Historical-Juridical Elements

305(4)




The Opinions in Favour of Genital Mutilation

309(2)




The Opinions Against Genital Mutilation

311(5)




The Debate in Some Countries

316(11)




The Koran and Modern Science

327(26)




Introduction

327(5)




Scientific Exegesis of the Koran

332(13)




Moderate Concordism

345(2)




The Opponents of Scientific Exegesis

347(2)




Conclusion

349(4)




General Conclusions

353(2)
Author Index 355(10)
Subject Index 365