Philosophy of History

An Introduction

Day, Mark

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Philosophy of History

€ -1.00

ISBN: 9780826488480, 255 blz., January 2008
Formaat: 23.5 (h) x 15.6 (b) x 1.4 (d) cm. Gewicht: 440 gram.

Uitgever: Bloomsbury Academic

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This book provides an accessible and comprehensive introduction to all the major philosophical concepts, issues and debates raised by history.


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List of figures and tables x
Preface xi
Part 1: EVIDENCE OF THE PAST




1 An introduction to historical practice

3




1. The past in the present

3




2. The professionalization of history

5




3. Relations with the past

9




4. Forms of historical production

12




Further reading and study questions

15




2 Historical methodology

16




1. Scissors and paste

16




2. Rules of historical reasoning

20




3. Peer reviews

21




4. A philosophical approach to historical reasoning

25




5. Primary sources

27




Further reading and study questions

29




3 Reasoning from the evidence

31




1. Bayesianism

31




2. The limitations of Bayesianism

34




3. Explanation and inference

37




4. Unwinding the spool

40




5. Explanatory virtues

42




6. The preservation of testimony

44




Further reading and study questions

49
Part II: HISTORY AS SCIENCE




4 Abstraction and laws

53




1. What's so great about science?

53




2. Abstraction and quantification

55




3. Positivism

59




4. Laws

62




5. Against universality

65




6. Rehabilitating causation

69




Further reading and study questions

72




5 The causal sciences

73




1. Against causation in history

73




2. Singular causation

76




3. Causation and contrasts

80




4. What is a historical theory?

83




5. Justifying historical theories: comparison and contrast

88




6. Justifying historical theories: explaining how

91




Further reading and study questions

93




6 Theory and particular

95




1. The historian's role

95




2. A priori argument from particularity

96




3. Applying general terms

98




4. The 'chemical' sciences

102




5. Combining theories in practice

105




6. Narrative and theory

107




7. Is naturalism the best account of historical practice?

110




Further reading and study questions

111
Part III: HISTORY AS INTERPRETATION




7 Feeling and thought

115




1. Questions in the philosophy of interpretation

115




2. Empathy

118




3. Collingwood and re-enactment

121




4. Living history

123




5. All history is the history of thought

126




Further reading and study questions

129




8 Actions, reasons and norms

130




1 Rationality

130




2. What is it to act rationally?

133




3. Meaning and society

137




4. Social norms

139




5. The Great Cat Massacre

144




6. Interim conclusion: interpretation and evidence

147




Further reading and study questions

149
Part IV: FROM INTERPRETATION TO DISCOURSE




9 Subject and object

153




1. Historicism

153




2. Objectivity and evaluation

156




3. Selection and importance

159




4. Dialogue

162




Further reading and study questions

166




10 Narrative

167




1. What are narratives?

167




2. Narrative and discourse

171




3. Metahistory

174




4. Narrative and truth

178




5. Collective narrative and metanarrative

181




Further reading and study questions

184
Part V: TRUTH AND REALITY




11 The absent past

187




1. Overview: correspondence to reality

188




2. Overview: anti-realism

190




3. Beyond statement truth

194




4. Qualified historical scepticism

199




5. Construction of the past

204




6. Present truth and past truth

207




Further reading and study questions

209




12 Underdetermination

211




1. Coherence and choice

211




2. Bayesianism reconsidered

214




3. Historiographical disagreement

217




4. Social Construction

220




5. Linguistic Idealism

222




6. Practical relations to the past

225




Further reading and study questions

228
Conclusion 230
Notes 233
References 243
Index 251